what is the smallest dogs breed

Dogs are available in various sizes and dimensions, large, medium, and small. Due to the change in the lifestyle and apartment building of humans, the desire to have a small pet has increased, and there are also a lot of pet lovers and owners who prefer to have small and medium-sized dogs. Among dog breeds, dogs that weigh less than 5 kg and stand between 20 and 30 cm in height are called small dogs.

Small dogs are slightly larger than normal cats, but they have a strong and determined spirit and personality. In this article, we want to introduce you to the smallest dog breeds in the world and tell you about their features and characteristics.


One of the most miniature dog breeds to date is the Chihuahua. This dog deserves to be on this list because it is so tiny. The height of this dog does not exceed 7.9″ (20 cm), and its weight is less than 6.6 lb (3 kg).

chihuahua dog on the chair

A Chihuahua named Miracle Milli also holds the record for the smallest dog in the world. At 2, he was less than 10 cm tall and weighed less than 500 grams!

Despite their small size, they are robust dogs and live an average of 15 to 18 years.
Like all dog breeds, this breed has common diseases are:

  • Patellar dislocation
  • hypoglycemia
  • Tracheal collapse
  • Tooth and gum disease
  • Hydrocephalus
  • Spinal cord injuries
  • Obesity
  • Bladder and kidney stones
  • Skin problem

This dog is so small that you have to take care of him, so that eager children do not harm them.

Yorkshire Terrier

The Yorkshire Terrier is a very small dog with a long blue coat and fawn. This dog is one of the doll dogs and is in the top 10 most popular breeds in the list of the most popular dog breeds, but it is not suitable for all owners.
The adult Yorkshire Terrier is about 15 to 25 cm tall and weighs only 2 to 3 kg.

Yorkshire Terrier

Despite their small size, this breed is very stubborn, and you have to be strong and decisive when training and training them. Otherwise, it will have a lot of behavioral problems.

In addition, the Yorkshire Terrier should be physically active every day. They love sports. So it is more suitable for an active person.


The Pekingese breed is relatively old, dating back to the eighth century in China. It is very close in size to Chihuahua and Yorkshire. An adult Pekingese is about 15 to 25 cm tall and weighs about 2 to 5 kg.

two pekingese dog

Their average lifespan is between 12 and 14 years; in this respect, they have a long lifespan.

Pekingese has compensated for its small size with its loud voice. This dog is always looking for strangers and does not retreat when in danger. That’s why this dog can be a significant watchdog.

Pekingese are smart and very dependent on their owner. On the other hand, this dog is not suitable for families with young children.

Bichon Yorkie

This dog breed mixes two breeds, Bichon Fries and Yorkshire. The adult breed of this dog is about 15 to 25 cm tall and weighs only 2 to 3 kg.

Bichon Yorkie dog on the snow

Like many hybrid dogs, the Bichon Yorkie is quite variable in appearance, depending on which of its two parents inherited the traits the most. Therefore, this breed can have thick and curly hair or, conversely, have a soft, long, silky coat.

This breed is intelligent, social, and very selfless. However, since it has inherited Yorkshire’s energetic temperament and hunting instinct, it is better to avoid living with smaller animals (birds, rodents, etc.) because he looks at them with the eyes of prey.


The Dachshund dog, which is recognizable by its long body and very short legs, is undoubtedly one of the smallest dogs in the world. An average adult is 15 to 25 cm tall.

But this dog breed weighs a lot because of its muscular body. They usually weigh between 8-10 kg.

Dachshund Dog on the stairs

Dachshund likes to be the center of his owner’s attention and make him laugh. They are also a great playmate for children.

On the other hand, he has a strong hunting instinct that can make it difficult to live with a smaller animal such as a cat or rodent.

Pomeranian or Dwarf Spitz

The Dwarf Spitz is the smallest species of German Spitz. Pomeranian in adulthood is only 18 to 24 cm tall and weighs about 1.5 to 3.5 kg.

teddy bear Pomeranian

This dog breed is very popular as a pet, intelligent, loyal, and gets along well with everyone in the house, both humans and animals (including cats and rodents).

He adapts well to living in an apartment, does not need much exercise and energy depletion, and can tolerate loneliness well.

However, this dog is very noisy and barks a lot. In addition to loud noise, his distrust of strangers has made him a watchful dog despite his small size.

Shih Tzu

Shih Tzu is between 20 and 25 cm tall, weighs about 4 to 8 kg, and is considered a puppet dog.
This breed of dog is one of the dogs with the longest life, and they live about 16 years.

Shih-Tzu dog

Shih Tzu is a kind, calm and happy dog ​​that is suitable for all families, including those with children. Of course, if they treat dogs properly, this breed is compatible with children.

This breed needs care because it can not tolerate loneliness and can not tolerate the distance of its owner for a long time. This breed is unsuitable for people who are not at home for long hours or only have a pet.

Bichon Maltese

Bichon Maltese height from 20 to 25 cm, and their weight does not exceed 3 to 4 kg. But their dense cover and long silk coat make them look a little bigger than they are.

Bichon Maltese dog

The Bichon Maltese is also a good dog in the family and can not stand loneliness. So it is not a good option for people who are not at home all day.

However, it is best to keep them away from very young children, as the child may harm them. This dog is weak and may suddenly be injured when playing with young children.

Brussels Griffon

The Brussels Griffon is a dog that averages about 20 to 26 cm in height. This dog is known for its very short snout, beautiful mustache, and frown, similar to humans.

Brussels Griffon on the grass

Like most small dogs, he is intelligent and kind but has a unique temperament and is not very patient.

Therefore, even if he treats children well, it is better not to put him in front of very young children because this dog breed does not tolerate unwanted harassment of children and reacts.

The Brussels Griffon is suitable for families with slightly older children who can learn how to treat it respectfully.

Tibetan spaniel

Tibetan spaniel is an ancient dog breed, and their existence in Tibet and Korea is mentioned in history books. The size of this dog hardly grows to 25 cm.

In addition, their weight varies between 4-7 kg. This rural dog has a good lifespan and lives up to 15 years on average.

Tibetan Spaniel dog

The Tibetan spaniel is very smart and curious and likes always to follow its owner and see what it does.
Because he is so funny and likes to play clown, he has been called a monkey dog.

This dog is suspicious of strangers and prefers to keep his distance from them.
This sense of suspicion has made him a suitable warning dog who always warns of danger quickly.

Silky Terrier

The Silky Terrier is a miniature dog and is very similar to Yorkshire. No wonder because he is a descendant of Yorkshire. So it is natural that they are not very tall. This dog is 25 cm tall and weighs about 4 to 5 kg.

Silky Terrier

Like the Yorkshire Terrier, he is both kinds and has a strong personality. Silky Terrier is suspicious and distrustful of strangers and likes to bark.

Learning not to bark is one of the first lessons for these dogs because they are naturally willing to do so. Of course, too much barking has made him a good warning dog that warns his owner of the slightest danger.

Russkiy Toy

The Russkiy Toy (or little Russian dog) is very similar to the Chihuahua, although there are slight differences, especially in the eyes and nose.
Russkiy Toy is between 20 and 28 cm high and weighs less than 3 kg.

black and tan russkiy toy

They are very playful and have a good relationship with humans, other humans, and even cats and rodents.

Russian Toy are very obedient and intelligent, making it easy to train them. They like to learn commands, which is rare for them to disobey.


Papillon spaniel is a small dog. They are about 28 cm tall and weigh between 1.5 and 5 kg.

One of the exciting things about this dog is its large ears. The reason they are named is because of their butterfly-shaped ears because their ears are like the wings of a butterfly in full flight.

Papillon dog

This race is present in most Renaissance paintings. It is a delicate and gentle dog that has long been accustomed to playing the role of a pet.

This breed is a good choice for the elderly because it likes to be hugged and not alone. However, they are very energetic and curious dogs and need daily energy depletion and physical and mental games.

Norfolk Terrier

The Norfolk Terrier is a tiny animal that barely reaches 25 cm in height and does not weigh more than 5 kg in adulthood. He is very similar to Norwich Terrier, who is not taller or fatter than him.

Norfolk Terrier on the sofa

Like many dogs in the terrier family, it has high energy and activity despite its small size. In the past, these dogs were used for hunting and had a very high hunting instinct.

So this dog is not a good choice for families with smaller animals such as rodents and birds. On the other hand, this dog has no problem living with humans and other breeds.

Jack Russell

Thanks to The Artist in 2011, Jack Russell is one of the most popular small breeds of our time. With a height of 30 cm and 6 kg, it may also seem quite suitable for a quiet life indoors.

Jack Russell dog

Like all terriers, he has a strong hunting instinct and likes to hunt for prey or something he knows. So it’s not an apartment animal that wants to live in a four-walled space forever.

Due to the high level of activity of this dog, the owner of this dog should be an active person.

Jack Russell, who is very playful, lively, and a little mischievous, needs strength training and companionship because he does not like to be alone for long.

Lhasa Apso

The Lhasa Apso is a small dog of Tibetan origin, which is why it has been nicknamed the Snow Lion.
At 30 cm tall and weighing 4 to 7 kg, the Lhasa Apso is smaller than an adult minnow cat.

lhasa apso dog

The dog’s small size did not prevent it from being used as a watchful dog for centuries in Buddhist palaces and temples in the Himalayas.

They are good watchdogs with very restrictive sound alerts that warn their master in the slightest danger!

This breed does not tolerate loneliness, and their upbringing is challenging because they tend to be stubborn and only obey if they want to.


Affenpinscher is a small black dog that averages only 30 cm in height and weighs between 3 and 4 kg when fully grown.

affenpinscher dog breed

It owes its melodic name to the crown of hair around its head, making it look like a monkey because in German, “Affe” means “monkey.”

Known for his playful and lively personality, he likes to be the center of attention and entertain his owner with his facial expressions and mischief.

However, like many small dogs, it is not very patient and can be stubborn. So learning it is not easy, even if it is relatively intelligent.

Scottish Terrier

The Scottish Terrier is a relatively short-legged dog that grows up to 30 cm in height and weighs between 8 and 10 kg when fully grown.


However, due to the large sharp corners, the body is a well-formed rectangle, and its cover is relatively thick and sometimes curly. It looks more voluminous than it is.

They are relatively independent, can keep themselves busy during their owner’s absence, and are not prone to separation anxiety. But they should not be neglected because they like to live with their family and owner.

On the other hand, the story is different regarding strangers. They are suspicious, distrustful, and aggressive towards strangers and prefer to keep their distance from people they do not know.

These features make it a good warning dog, even though it is small.

Cavalier King Charles

Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is a relatively new breed that developed in the early twentieth century. Its average height is between 25 to 35 cm, and its weight is 5 to 8 kg.

Cavalier King Charles

Cavalier King Charles was usually identified by his white, brown, and black complexion and his long, hairy, drooping ears.

This dog is known for having good relationships with humans and strangers. This breed is suitable for living in an apartment or house surrounded by a garden. But they do not tolerate loneliness.

Unlike this dog’s small size, they need exercise and physical activity and must be depleted of energy daily. Owners of these dogs can take them for walks and family outings. Take it with you on comfortable walks and family outings.

Lancashire Heeler

The Lancashire Heeler is a very small dog, black and tan or brown and tan, relatively bulky and with short legs that have straight ears and are very large compared to the head.

Lancashire Heeler

The size of this dog in adulthood is hardly between 25 to 31 cm and weighs between 3 to 6 kg.

Their exact date is unknown, but it may have resulted from a random cross between the Welsh Corgi and the Manchester Terrier and has long been used as a cattle dog or hunt for mice and rabbits.

Today they are more suitable as a pet for families. They sometimes have problems with their peers.
The breed, recognized as a breed by the federation cynologique international (FCI) since 2016, is not yet prevalent.

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